Better understanding of direct and indirect emissions
Discover the mapping of scopes 1, 2 and 3 according to the GHG protocol
It is mandatory for a category of companies, local authorities, public establishments and State services to carry out their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions report, within the framework of the Grenelle II Law from the 12th of July 2010.
The objective of this GHG Emissions Report is to establish a diagnosis for the direct and indirect emissions. It concerns public and private players in all types of sectors of activity. It helps them to identify actions to reduce these emissions.
The carbon report makes it possible to identify and then calculate the total amount and distribution of greenhouse gas emissions in one’s organization.
It must be carried out in accordance with the rules and methods approved (in France by the Ademe) and allows companies :
The regulatory greenhouse gas emissions balance (GHG carbon footprint), also known as the mandatory carbon balance, stems from Article 75 of Act No. 2010-788 from the 12th of July 2010, known as the Grenelle II Act.
In the decree of the regulatory GHG report implementation, the contained obligations concern emissions from :
It is recommended but not mandatory to take into account the scope 3 of the Carbon Footprint :
However, it is strongly recommended to draw up a complete carbon balance covering all 3 scopes, i.e. all direct and indirect emissions, as for a single organisation, approximately 75% of the emissions are represented by scope 3.
It should also be added that reduction actions must be included in this assessment.
Since June 2011, in the framework of the Grenelle II Law from the 12th of July 2010, a method has been required for those eligible to draw up their report:
This is the regulatory method supported by Article 75 of the Grenelle II Law, which covers, beyond scopes 1 and 2, the company’s upstream and downstream related activities (Scope 3) since Decree no. 2016-1138 of 19 August 2016. Environmental information have to be included in the management report of companies.
PENALTIES: Since the law n° 2019-1147 of November 8, 2019 related to energy and climate, failure to produce or publish the GHG emissions report may be punished by a fine of up to €10,000 with a maximum of €20,000 if the offence is repeated.
Let us also remind the framework of systematic calculations of a carbon balance in the ordering procedures :
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GCI offers a set of proven calculators in usage since 2012 allowing the company to perform its own calculations and reports usable enforceable for each of the scopes concerned.
GCI’s digital platform offers everyone, from small businesses to large corporations, a set of online recommendations and tools to share best practices in order to reduce their carbon footprint.
As an international stakeholder, Global Climate Initiatives offers carbon offset projects, linked to SDOs, selected and (co-)developed by our experts directly on site.