DIRECT AND INDIRECT EMISSIONS

MAPPING OF SCOPES 1, 2 AND 3 ACCORDING TO THE GHG PROTOCOL

Scope 1

Scope 1 includes all emissions generated directly by the company and its activities: factories, facilities, warehouses, offices, company-owned truck fleets.

Scope 2

Scope 2 covers all emissions associated with the company’s consumption of electricity, heat or steam in its facilities or vehicle fleets. We speak of indirect emissions associated with energy (GHG emissions are then made at the producer and distributor of the electricity, heat or steam).

Les émissions des scopes 1 et 2 font déjà sou­vent l’objet de suivis et d’objectifs de réduction, puisqu’elles sont directement à la charge de l’entreprise, sont faciles à suivre car directement mesurables avec ses différents postes de consommation d’énergie.

The performance of companies is often highly optimized, so gains on scopes 1 and 2 are increasingly difficult to obtain.

Scope 3

Scope 3 corresponds to all other indirect emissions taking place upstream or downstream in the company’s value chain.

Even if they are not directly generated by the organization, it is easy to understand that they are no less necessary for its activity.

They are often poorly optimized and therefore offer a reduction potential that is often easy to obtain, hence the importance of analyzing and measuring them precisely. Their measurement is not always easy, the priority seems to be to focus on the major items that are the emissions of large Tier 1 suppliers, and those associated with upstream and downstream transport.

It should also be noted that scope 3 is a very important position, generally much higher than scopes 1 and 2.

Generally speaking, the most important scope 3 positions for production companies are the following:

  • Emissions from its direct suppliers, and throughout the value chain of its products
  • Emissions related to upstream transport, and those related to downstream transport and distribution
  • Finally, one item that can be very important in certain sectors (such as the automotive industry) is the emissions associated with the use of the product throughout its life cycle. However, this item is of a different nature from the others, it goes without saying that in general, the energy efficiency of a product is directly linked to the quality and design of the product.

Calculate your company's carbon footprint in full compliance

Calculate your company's carbon footprint in full compliance

GCI offers a set of proven calculators in usage since 2012 allowing the company to perform its own calculations and reports usable enforceable for each of the scopes concerned.

Reduce your GHG emissions through positive climate action

Reduce your GHG emissions through positive climate action

GCI’s digital platform offers everyone, from small businesses to large corporations, a set of online recommendations and tools to share best practices in order to reduce their carbon footprint.

Offset by committing to projects that integrate Sustainable Development Objectives

Offset by committing to projects that integrate SDO

As an international stakeholder, Global Climate Initiatives offers carbon offset projects, linked to SDOs, selected and (co-)developed by our experts directly on site.